Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), service dogs working in America are allowed virtually anywhere, with their handlers, until their handler remains under dog control. Law prohibits anyone from requiring the registration of a specific service dog as a condition of keeping a dog with you. However, physical proof of completing training milestones can be helpful in some cases.
Training Your Dog
Evaluate your dog’s temperament. Any dog should have a special set of properties to possess capacity as a good service dog. Your dog may be a relatively compliant and well behaved pet, but that does not mean that it has been cut to be a service dog.
Generally speaking, service dogs should be quiet, friendly dogs who are quick learners and can maintain information. You want your service dog to be alert and alert, but it is not what responds to every trigger or follows every distraction.
If your dog is ready to please you and you want to pursue a lot, then it can make a good service dog.
Service dogs can be of any breed. Some breeds, such as Golden Retrivers, make good service dogs due to race characteristics that give them the right nature.
Review the minimum training standards. The service is not a universal regulatory body for dogs, nor is there any legal requirement for training. An organization, the International Association of Assistance Dog Partners (IAADP), has developed the minimum standards for guiding handlers who want to train their dogs themselves.
You can read the minimum training standards developed by IAADP at http://www.iaadp.org/iaadp-minimum-training-standards-for-public-access.html. The website has additional resources that you can use in your training programs, including sample daily training logs that you can use.
IAADP recommends training of at least 120 hours in a period of 6 months or more. At least 30 hours of training should be spent in public places, where your service dog may ignore focus and distraction.
Training for specific disability related work can take more than 120 hours. The more you expect to do with your service dog, the more time you have to devote to the training.
Get help from a reputed trainer. Given the expense of a professionally trained service dog, handler chiefly decides to train his dogs. However, even if you are giving self-training to your dog, you can still get advice and assistance from an experienced trainer.
A good place to start is with Assistant Dogs International (ADI) trainer accredited. Instructors undergo rigorous procedures for accreditation, and are regularly evaluated to maintain high standard of organization.
You can search for ADI accredited members near you on the ADI website at https://www.assistancedogsinternational.org/members/programs-search/.
Start with clicker conditioning. Because it takes only 1/10 seconds to complete a clicker, it marks the exact behavior you want your dog to repeat. This level of accuracy will run the rest of your training more smoothly, because you can communicate more clearly with your dog.
To answer the clicker, first position your dog. After each click, click the clicker 20 consecutive times, giving your dog a cure. When you click this 21st times, see how your dog responds. If your dog is looking for a cure, give him one. If it is not, then click one more 20 until the dog starts expecting a treatment just after listening to the clicker.
Once your dog clicker is trained, make sure that whenever you click, you always give it a cure. If you stop treating every time, the conditioning will be solved, because your dog will not know if he or she is expecting a treat after hearing about the click.
Use tether training to teach your dog to settle. Service dogs are expected to be close to their operators. Even when they are doing many exciting or distracting things, they still expect to spend a lot of time sitting or lying in a quiet state.
Get a small tether, and attach it to an immovable object. When your dog is tethered, then he has enough room to change the place, but there is not enough space to get up or escape. Tethering also teaches impulse control to your dog.
Start your dog with a tether for a short time, gradually increasing the length of the dog. Never leave your dog alone when it is Tedred
Teach the basic commands to your dog. Any service dog should correctly answer the commands of a basic dog like “Sit,” “Heel,” and “Stay” You can teach these dogs yourself by using clicker and behavior to your dog, or you can take your dog to a general obedience training school.
Once your dog starts responding correctly to the command on a reliable basis, you do not need to use the clicker. You should still treat your dog occasionally, so it knows that it is doing what is expected of it.
Practice well on the leash. Walking on your side without stretching or jerking on the leash, is one of the most important skills that a dog can possess.
You can start strap training when your dog is just a puppy. Put the strap on the puppy’s collar and walk a short distance inside the house.
As your dog becomes more efficient with a leash, it presents more and more distractions which can cause it to lose focus. Reward your dog, when he does not respond to distraction.
ADA rules specify that your dog should be under your control at all times. If your dog can not walk peacefully in a public place, then it is not under your control and should not be taken out publicly.
Work on Focus in Public Places. When you are out in public, your service dog should focus on you all the time, ignoring all distractions. Spend several hours with your dog in different types of public places, which can cause different hazards and distractions to distract your dog.
You can often go to places publicly to spend bulk of your time training. Your dog should be familiar with these places at different times of day and night.
Start your public training by visiting those places when they are not particularly busy and are less likely to get distracted. When your dog is able to maintain care, then go to a busy time.
Licensing Your Dog
Check Dog License laws where you live. Your service dog should follow all local regular licensing and registration rules. This usually involves vaccination for rabies and wearing dog tags.
Some cities have prohibited dog breeds in the belief that they are at risk for health and safety of the breeds community. Service dogs should be freed from those restrictions.
Under the ADA, mandatory registration of service dogs is required. However, some local communities can offer specific service dog tags in addition to regular dog tags.
If your community provides a service dog tag or special registration, the partnership is voluntary. However, registration can provide significant benefits. For example, if your service dog was registered, first respondents would have to look at your dog during emergency withdrawal.
A recognized training organization certify your dog. Recognized training organizations can manage supportive dog international (ADI) public access tests. If your service dog can pass this grueling trial, then it is considered as one of the world’s elite service dogs.
ADI itself does not test or certify dogs, but many recognized organizations do. You can find a recognized organization by visiting http://www.iaadp.org/iaadp-minimum-training-standards-for-public-access.html
More than half of the service dogs trained by accredited professional trainers can not pass this test, so if your dog does not grade, do not be disappointed.
If the organization offering the test allows it, then tape your dog to complete the tasks. You never know when it can work later.
Give your dog AKC Canine Good Citizen (CGC) test. This test is another way of documenting the effort you have made to train a self-trained service dog. Usually it is easy to find an obedience center that offers this test, that is to find the recipient of the ADI Public Access Test.
Some obedience centers offer testing only to those dogs who complete 6 weeks canine good citizenship class. However, there are many who offer self-trained dogs with separate tests for those who want credentials.
If your dog passes the test, you will receive a certificate signed by an AKC evaluator who will remember the achievement.
Like a public access test, it’s a good idea to tape your dog to complete the test, if the compliant center allows it.
Consider registering your dog with the United States Service Dog Registry (USSDR). Registration with the USSR is voluntary, it is not necessary. You can find that this is something you want to do; Some people think that when you register your dog with that organization you are committed to keeping yourself and (dog) at a higher level of training and behavior.
When you register your dog with USSDR, you will receive a unique identification number. You can make a profile for your dog (such as resume service dog) that lists your dog’s training, certifications and achievements. Anyone who sees your dog’s number will be able to see this information.
If you find yourself around a person who is worried about your service dog, your profile information can help them tell that your dog is well trained and will never create a threat for anyone.