Natural and man made disasters can come at any time. With advance warning, any disaster with a storm, a cyclone or a nuclear accident can catch you from the guard and put you in serious danger. Before being in danger, a little planning and practice can help save you and your family from the worst disasters.
General Strategies for Making a Disaster Plan
Determine what disasters are the most prevalent in your area.
If you live in Kansas, you do not have to be ready for a storm, but you will be better prepared for the tornado. Although some disasters, such as fire, can happen anywhere, the hazards you can face can vary widely from place to place. Check with your local emergency management or civilian safety office, Red Cross Chapter, or the National Weather Service to see what emergency situation you are ready for.
Find out what you should do in case a disaster strikes.
The above organizations probably will be able to advise you what to do in an emergency. They may be able to provide you information on evacuation maps and local alert systems and emergency plans. If you can not find all the information required by the authorities, then research your local hazards.
For example, what you should prepare for a cyclone or hurricane and how you can get caught in a catastrophe, and if necessary, determine the best drainage routes yourself.
Remember, when the push gets pushed, then it is your responsibility to prepare your family well.
Pick a meeting spot and a way to get in contact with your family members.
There is a good chance that not all members of your family will be in one place after the disaster, so it is important to have a predefined meeting point. Choose a place that might be safe and which is far from your neighborhood, because you can not be able to bring it back to your home.
Designate a contact person to connect your family.
Name a friend or relative as a contact person whom you, your spouse and your children can call if you can not meet. To reduce the likelihood that the contact person will also be affected by the disaster, choose a person who lives in a distant city or in a different state. Ensure that all members of your family have the contact person’s phone number with them all the time.
Discuss disaster scenarios with your family and make sure everyone knows what to do in all the likely emergency scenarios.
It is important to educate yourself about responding to potential threats, but if they are away from you or if you have been killed or injured, then what will happen to your family? It is not enough for a family member to know what to do – everyone should know the plan.
Fix potential hazards in your home.
Once you have identified potentially disaster scenarios, inspect your house thoroughly and try to make it as safe as possible. Here are just a few examples:
Every home should have smoke detectors and fire extinguishers. Test the smoke detector at least once a month, and change your battery yearly or as needed. The fire extinguisher should be recharged according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and family members should learn how to use them. Everyone should also know how to avoid the situation in the event of a fire.
If you live in an earthquake area, you will not want a long, heavy bookkeeping right next to the baby’s crib because it can knock an earthquake.
If you live near the forest with the possibility of forest fire, you should clean your property of brushes and high grass to make a buffer zone between your house and fire.
Teach your family members basic life-saving techniques.
Everyone who can learn CPR and first aid, should take a certification class and keep their certification current. Adults and older children should know how to stop gas, electricity and water if the house is damaged, and everyone should know how to locate the gas leak. Emergency numbers should be posted near the phone, and even young children should be taught how to call 9-1-1 or related emergency numbers in your country.
Practicing the use of fire extinguishers and checking the smoke detectors are great reminder exercises once a year.
Have enough water to last you 10 to 30 days.
During an emergency, such as an earthquake, your home may lose access to water, and you can not go to the store to get more water. During floods, you can be surrounded by water, but it will be solitary and insecure to drink water. You can not even reach drinking water.
Plans for one gallon (3.785 liters) per person per day. Includes drinking, food preparation and sanitation water.
Store your emergency water in clean, non-corrosive, tightly sealed containers.
Keep the containers in a cold, dark place. Do not keep them in the sunlight or with gasoline, kerosene, pesticides and other similar substances.
Assemble a disaster kit.
Be prepared for emergency situations with at least three-day non-perishable food and potable water supply, and other things you may need if you have no way to buy utilities and supplies. . Place a small kit in the trunk of your car. Your kit should include the following:
Medical consent and history form for each family member
A small, waterproof flashlight with extra batteries and waterproof matches
A small notepad and waterproof writing tool
Pay-a-u-go phone or cell phone solar charger
Sunscreen and insect repellent
Whistle and 12-hour light stick / glow stick
A thermal blanket / space blanket
Pack a first aid kit, and check it regularly.
Put it in a place that is easily accessible in your home, and make another place to keep it in your car. Medicines and ointments are eliminated, and will not be as effective. Once a year, plan to check your first aid kit, as well as your remaining emergency supplies. If you have anything that has ended, change it. Your first aid kit should include the following classification:
Absorbent compress dressing and a quick cold compress
Adhesive straps, triangular straps, roller straps, sterile gauze pad and adhesive cloth tape
Antibiotic ointment packets, hydrocartisan ointment packets, antiseptic wipe packets and some packs of aspirin
A pair of non-latex gloves, scissors, tweezers, and a non-glass, non-mercury oral thermometer
Personal and prescription drugs
A first aid manual and a list of emergency phone numbers, which includes contact information for your doctor, local emergency services, emergency road service providers and the poison help line.
Practice your plan.
Practice makes perfect, and in the event of life-and-death, you want to react completely. From time to time go to your emergency plans with your family, and update them as necessary. Drill your family on quizzes and important security concepts. Take a live test with your family; Make this an outing and include all. This will help you to identify what works and what does not. You should practice the disaster planning of your family at least twice a year.
Have contingency plans.
In the event that your emergency site is unavailable or other things change, having a flexible plan on hand is a good idea. If your contact person is away, what will you do? What will you do if a family member is out of town? Planning for more scenarios can help increase your chances of security.
Making a Family Fire Escape Plan
Locate all of the possible escape routes in your home.
Take all the people of your family together and move around the house to find all the possible exit. Do not look for clear exit only, such as front and rear doors, but others like: first floor windows, garage doors and other safe ways to escape. Try to find at least two ways to get out of each room.
Planning your home floor and marking the exit can help you remember what to do in the event of a fire.
You should find a way to avoid the first floor rooms along with the second floor.
Practice your escape plan at least twice a year.
Every time you practice, you pretend that the fire is in a different part of the house. In this way, you can run the drill several times and you will know which routes will be exposed to smoke and fire. You can also practice awakening the family members of the house, such as the alarm clock at night.
Write and plan your escape plan so that everyone in your family knows what to do.
In spite of practicing plan in the dark, or even when your eyes are closed, you can get help with your environment to be comfortable, when your vision is smoldering with smoke, when you have to actually escape.
Practice taking several safety precautions during your escape.
To reduce the likelihood of exposure to toxic fumes, there should be a lot of things to do for your escape plan. Smoke and heat increase, so it will always be safe and easy to breathe as close as possible to the ground. Here are some tips that you should do:
Practice crawling to avoid smoke in your eyes and lungs.
Practice stopping, leaving and rolling to extinguish any fire on your clothes.
Practice on touching a door behind your hand to know whether there is a fire on the other side or not. As the heat grows, start from the bottom of the door and do your work on the top. If the door is hot during the actual fire, then stay away.
If you can not escape then practice to seal yourself in your home. If you do not have a way to get out, then you should close all the doors that are between you and the fire. The door will take 20 minutes to burn. Do not seal the door with duct tape or towels.
To tell the fire department, practice waving a flashlight or light colored fabric outside the window to tell where you are.
Remember the phone number for emergency services. You will need to call them during the actual fire.
Have an escape ladder if you live in a multi-story house, and practice using it.
You should be prepared with the escape stairs, which you can keep yourself in or near the windows to give way to another escape. Find out how the ladder works for your exercise so that you are ready to use them in an emergency. You should learn how to use them from other story windows, if there is no other way to escape from those windows. The ladder should be kept near the windows, where it is easy to reach at such a place.
Have a fire extinguisher at home, and know how to use it.
You should have one on every floor of your house, and you should inspect it annually. When it comes to extinguishing the fire, it is better, but make sure that you can take it easily and maneuver it. There are three types of fire extinguishing equipment for home use: Class A, Class B and Class C. It is possible to buy this combination of fire extinguisher as well as Class B-C or Class A-B-C. You can get them at most home improvement stores.
A Class A fire extinguisher is for ordinary materials like cloth, wood and paper.
Class B fire extinguisher is for combustible and flammable liquids such as greases, gasoline, oil and oil-based paints.
A Class C fire extinguishers will cause electric fire, equipment and other equipment.
Pick a meeting place that is a safe distance away from your home.
Once a family member escapes from home, then he should run away at a meeting place, which is at a safe distance from your home, while not far away. This can be your neighbor’s lawn, your mailbox or a lightweight post. Once at this place everyone should meet, because you know that you know that everyone has made it safely after headcounting.
The meeting place should be marked on your escape plan.
Make your children comfortable with the escape plan.
Your children should not be scared of fire and drill should be seen as practice. Practicing drills with your children can help them with the risk of fire, and this reduces the chances of playing.
Children should practice the path to escape with an adult so that they do not try any dangerous things, such as run away from the second story window.
During the escape plan, children should always be associated with an adult so that they are not alone.
Make sure your home is ready for fire safety.
Check that you have a smoke alarm in every room, and that all your doors and windows can be easily opened. It involves popping out the screen. You should also make sure that your road number is visible from the road, at least 3 inches in height and a contrasting color. In this way, firemen find your home easily, and get it as soon as possible.
It would be better if you have a smoke detector outside the bedroom door in the hallway and on each staircase.
Remember to replace batteries in smoke detectors every year. During this time it would be a good idea to test a smoke detector, to ensure that it is working properly.
If there are security bars in your doors or windows, then they should have an emergency release lever so that they can be opened immediately.
Ensure that each family member sleeps by closing his bedroom door. It takes 20 to 30 minutes to burn a door, which can provide valuable escape time.
Making a Family Flood Plan
Contact the county planning department to learn about your community’s emergency plans for floods.
The department will tell you whether you are in an area where there is a possibility of flood or landslide; It is important to know what to expect before you start the scheme. You can also find places of warning signs, clearance routes and emergency shelters which are used in your community. This will affect your family’s flood plan.
Make an escape plan in the event of a flood.
You and your family need to discuss that if you have a flood in your community then what will you do? If everyone in your family is at home then what will you do? If everyone in your family is spreading across the city then what will you do? Creating as many schemes as possible can help you find the best ways to escape.
If your family gets separated, having an out-of-state relative or friend as your contact person increases your chances of reunion. All people in your household must know the name, address and phone number of this person.
Ensure that your family knows what to do if you are under a flood watch or warning.
If you are under flood surveillance or warning, your family should be prepared to listen to local radio or TV stations to update your emergency supplies and about what to do. You should collect your outdoor items like garbage cans, grill and lawn furniture, and they should be tied down safely. Finally, you should close all the utilities if it seems that you need to evacuate. Here are some other things you should do if you are forced to evacuate or stay:
Fill your water containers with enough drinking water so that you can stay for 10 to 30 days. Fresh water may be unavailable for a long time, and you can not go to the store to buy something.
Clean your sink and tub and then fill them with clean water so that you can take them in hand. In this way, if you are stranded and the water is off, then you will have fresh water on hand. Flood water is not sanitary.
Fill your car’s tank with gas and keep your emergency kit in your car. If you do not have a car, arrange transportation.
Place your important documents, such as medical records, your insurance card and your ID card in the waterproof bag.
Find a shelter where you can put your pet, if you have one. Ensure that you have a strap / crate / carrier, extra food, medicines (if necessary) and shot record.
Keep the ears out for the disaster siren and signal.
Know what to do if you have to evacuate.
If you are given an eviction order, then you should hear from your house as soon as possible and get out. Trust that the authorities know what they are doing and after you leave you will be out of harm’s way. Your family should know what to do if you want to evacuate due to flood and be ready to work. Before you empty and then follow:
Keep only the most important things with you.
If it’s time, then turn off your gas, electricity and water.
Disconnect your devices.
Follow clearance routes given by the authorities.
Do not move into highly flooded areas.
Continue listening to radio for updates.
Go to a shelter or a friend’s house. Ensure that this friend does not remain in the area where the withdrawal is compulsory.
Prepare your home for flood safety.
Prepare to shut down any electricity in your home before you leave. If there are water around or fallen power lines, you should turn off your gas and water to avoid electric shock. You should also purchase a class A, B, or C fire extinguisher, and make sure that all members of your family know how to use it. If you need this, then you should also buy and install a sump pump with back-up power. Here are some other things you should do to prepare your home:
To keep flood water out, install backflow valves or plugs in your drains, toilets and any other sewer connection.
Anchor the fuel tank on the ground in your garage. If the tanks are torn, they can flutter down and this will damage other homes. If they are in your dungeon, you do not need to anchor them.
Download your power panel by closing a breaker at a time. To avoid a large electric arches, close the main to the last.
Stock your home with emergency supplies.
If you really want to prepare your family for flood, then you should be prepared with many key items that will increase your security and the possibility of survival. Here are some items that you need to pack:
Enough container to keep the water supply worth three to five days
Non-pear food and one mechanical can supply three to five days openers
A primary treatment pitcher
Battery powered radio
Sleeping bags and blankets
Wipe baby to clean your hands
Chlorine or iodine tablets to purify water
Soap, toothpaste, and other clean supply
An emergency kit for your car that includes maps, booster cables and flares
Rubber boots and waterproof gloves