Computer overheating, which occurs as a result of an excessive amount of dust and debris accumulating around the interior fans and components, is widely considered to be one of the most common causes of computer failure. Every three months, the interior of the computer should be thoroughly cleaned in order to keep the cooling system operating properly. It is also possible that the amount of free space on the system’s main hard drive, as well as the presence of spyware and other malicious software programmes, will have a significant impact on the performance of the computer. This article provides information on how to properly maintain a computer in order to achieve peak performance.
Method 1 Maintain a Computer Operating System
1. Install anti-virus security software and create an automated maintenance schedule to keep your computer running smoothly. When you purchase a computer with the Windows operating system, it is common for it to come pre-installed with a trial version of anti-virus software. In the event that anti-virus software is not included, it is possible to obtain antivirus software on the Internet for a low or no cost to the consumer.
If you do an Internet search for “anti-virus protection,” you will be able to find a list of anti-virus applications.
Navigate to the website of your preferred manufacturer and follow the download and installation instructions provided by the developer.
2. Make a backup of your computer. Users of Windows can schedule an automated, periodic backup of their entire system by using the “System Restore” feature of the operating system. Regularly backing up your system ensures that you have a perfect copy of your system that is operating at peak performance levels.
Press Enter on the keyboard to bring up the Start menu, where you can type “System Restore” into a search field that is located below the Programs menu.
If you want to schedule an automated full-system backup, follow the on-screen instructions provided in the System Restore dialogue box.
3. Remove “junk” files from your computer by using the Windows “Disk Cleanup” feature. The amount of free space on a computer’s C drive can have a significant impact on the overall performance of the computer. The Disk Cleanup feature automatically scans a computer’s hard drive for temporary files and other files that are no longer in use, and then deletes those files. The removal of these unused files increases the amount of available free space, which in turn improves the performance of the system.
Open My Computer by selecting it from the Start menu. Properties can be accessed by selecting “Properties” from the context menu of the icon labelled “C Drive” or whichever hard drive contains your operating system files.
When you click on “Disk Cleanup,” the Disk Cleanup dialogue box will appear on your desktop, ready to be used. It will be displayed in the dialogue box above the feature description how much total space has been gained in total.
Fill out the “Files to delete:” menu box by selecting each check box and then clicking “OK” on your keyboard. It is possible that the process will take a few moments. When the cleaning process is complete, you will be notified via email or SMS.
4. Download the most recent drivers, software, and firmware updates from the computer’s manufacturer to ensure that it continues to operate at peak performance. Typically, these updates can be found and downloaded from the manufacturer’s website at no additional cost to the customer.
Navigate to the manufacturer’s website for each product (computer, operating system, or other software programmes) and follow the instructions for updating that product that are provided on the website.
Method 2 Perform Maintenance Cleaning on a Desktop, Notebook or Laptop Computer
1. On a desktop computer, open the tower door and remove the hard drive. Remove the case door on a personal computer by following the instructions provided by the manufacturer, which will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Most, on the other hand, are designed to be removed with relative ease. Most require no tools at all, and those that do typically only require a Phillips or flat-head screwdriver to complete their tasks.
If the method for removing the tower door cannot be determined without consulting the operating instructions that were included with the system at the time of purchase, consult the system’s manual.
2. On a laptop or notebook computer, remove the case panel to reveal the internal components. A laptop computer’s case panel can be removed using a method that differs only slightly from one manufacturer to the next. Most will necessitate the removal of a series of Phillips-head screws from a panel that is easily identifiable on the bottom of the device.
Place a cloth towel on a flat surface and place the laptop on top of it, with the bottom of the laptop facing up. Set the laptop aside for now.
The battery should be taken out, and the screws along the edge of case panel should be removed with a screwdriver.
The panel should be carefully lifted out of the bottom of the device and placed aside, along with the screws that held it in place. The device’s case panel has been removed, revealing the device’s internal components for inspection.
If the method for removing the case panel from the notebook or laptop is not immediately apparent, consult the operating instructions that came with the device.
3. Clean the inside of the case. It is necessary to clean the case interior with a can of compressed air, cotton swabs, and a pair of tweezers, among other tools. During the cleaning process, take care to avoid contact with components, cables, and wires to the greatest extent possible. When using compressed air, always keep a distance of 4 inches (10 cm) between the can and any computer components contained within the computer case.
Using a pair of tweezers, remove any large particles or dust balls from the surface. As much as possible, avoid direct contact with components, cables, and wires by wearing gloves.
Small particles from around each component inside the case should be blown out with a can of compressed air using a blower. Always keep the recommended distance of 4 inches (10 cm) between the nozzle of the can and any part of the computer’s display screen.
Blow out any dust or debris that has accumulated around each fan that has been installed, including the case fans, the power supply fan, and the CPU fan, with compressed air. When installed on top of the CPU, the CPU fan is typically mounted on a heatsink that is located in the middle of the computer’s motherboard or close to it. If you need a detailed diagram of where your computer’s CPU fan is located, look in the operating instructions that came with your computer.
Hold a cotton swab between the fan blades to prevent the fan from moving while using compressed air to clean the fan blades. Using compressed air, remove the layer of dust and debris that has accumulated along and around the bottom of the tower during the cleaning process after each fan and component has been thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
Replace the case panel door with a new one.
4. Cleaning the outside of a laptop or notebook computer is important. Blot any dust that has accumulated on or around the case panel, door, and any of the ports that are on the outside of the case with compressed air before putting the case back together.
Use a cotton swab that has been lightly soaked in rubbing alcohol to remove any dirt or grime that has accumulated around the seams and spaces on the outside of the case’s exterior.
5. Clean the keyboard of a desktop computer.
Remove the keyboard from the computer, turn it over in your hands, and gently shake it up and down and from side to side. Turn the keyboard upside down and blow compressed air into the keyboard to dislodge any particles that may have remained between the keys.
6. A computer mouse should be cleaned.
Disconnect the mouse from the computer and wipe the exterior with a paper towel that has been lightly soaked in rubbing alcohol.
Using a can of compressed air, blow out any particles or debris that has accumulated around the seams, edges, and spaces on the device’s exterior surface.
7. Computer monitors with liquid crystal displays (LCDs) or “flat-panel” displays should be cleaned regularly.
Cleaning the computer screen with a microfiber cloth towel that has been lightly dampened with plain water will remove dirt, dust, and finger prints. Microfiber cloth towels are available for purchase at any electronics or computer retailer in the United States.
8. It is possible to clean a Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitor.
Apply a small amount of glass cleaner to a paper towel and use it to gently wipe the glass screen to remove dirt, dust, and finger prints from the screen.
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